Bibliothèque nationale de France

BnFBibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) is one of the largest public and research libraries in the world with patrimonial collections in all areas of culture and knowledge and in a great variety of languages. The BnF began digitising its collections in the early 1990s and today, its digital library Gallica contains over 2 million digitised documents: manuscripts, sound materials and music score, books, images and over 800,000 newspapers issues, in French and other languages. They cover all domains of knowledge, with a specific focus in literature and history.

The BnF is providing the following services:

Content creation

  • Image digitisation: Digitisation partnerships, BnF helps libraries, archives, government services, etc. to digitize their content. Partners contents are digitalized via the BnF digitalization programs, loaded into Gallica digital library, and finaly delivered to the partners.
  • OCR quality enhancement and adaptation
  • E-publishing

Content preservation

  • Long-term preservation: BnF offers its long term archiving system (SPAR, Système de Préservation et d’Archivage Réparti) to any institution who wants to store digital content in a secure way.

Digital library platform

  • Workflow management tools (adaptation)
  • Deployment: Partners who want to set and run their own digital library web site can subscribe to the “Gallica Marque blanche” service: a “copy” of the Gallica web site is parametrized for the partner and loaded with the partners digital documents.
  • Integration of sources


  • Print-on-demand: a reproduction of any document of the BnF collections can be ordered and delivered


  • Harvesting: Partners who manage their own digitalization programs can have their digital documents indexed and harvested in order to be referenced into Gallica digital library.
  • Transformation between formats

Professional training

  • General training: seminars, conferences, training (metadata, bibliographical catalogs, digital library and archiving services, open data, technical norms and standards, etc.)